Gudalur is blessed with a salubrious climate for most part of the year owing to its elevation of close to 1200 msl (Bangalore is at 996 msl). Life revolves around agriculture and almost everyone has something or the other to do with farming. This place is a village surrounded by lush paddy fields, vast expanses of arid land, diverse flora and fauna. Principal crops are Paddy, Pulses, Coconut, Grapes, Vegetables, Flowers and Groundnut. Seasonal produce of Mocchai is a big ticket item coming off the fields in Gudalur. Off season crops such as Gingely and Cotton are also extensively cultivated.
Gudalur is famous for the bullock cart (rekhla) racing heritage. Every year during the Muthalamman temple festival, bullock cart races take place. This annual event is conducted by Vokkaligar Ilaingarani and The Farmers Development Association. Racing bull & cart heroes such as NSKS Jayakanthan, NSKS Ramamurthy, Kothalatti Murugesan are veterans in this field with their bullocks winning many laurels in the entire state.
Youngsters in Gudalur keep them busy with games such as Volleyball , Kho-Kho and Cricket.
Though this town is tiny in size, it has contributed immensely to the political landscape. The town boasts of contributing many MLAs and MPs to the TN legislative assembly and the Lower House of the Parliament of India. R. Rajangam, NSKP Gopal, PKR Chandrasekaran, N.Ramakrishnan and O.R. Ramachandran (all MLAs), S. Ramaswamy,R.T Gopalan, P. Selvendran (all MPs) are some of them.
Pigeon rearing has been another traditional pleasure form for the farmers here. NSKS Murugesan, TPSR Hariharan etc are some of the stalwarts in this space.
Located in the Theni District of the state, Gudalur is one of the most important Agricultural based town in Cumbum Valley of Tamil Nadu. The town is situated at a distance of 496 kms to the South of Chennai and town lis between 78’0’ to 78’30’ Eastern Longitude and 61’30’ to 10’0’Northern latitude.
Gudalur is a panchayat town in Theni district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Geography Gudalur is located at9.31°N 77.20°E .  Ithas an average elevation of 1182 meters (3888 ft).↑Jump back a section Demographics As of 2008 India census , Gudalur had a population of 36,000.Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Gudalur has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 50%. In Gudalur, 10% of the population Is under 6 years of age. The older name of the town is ‘Thirukoodalur’. How the name changed to Gudalur is not known but could be attributed to British difficulty in pronouncing Indian names.
Gudalur is broadly divided by the government into 2 parts for administrative reasons. The western side of the town is called MelaGudalur and the eastern part is called KeelaGudalur. Ellai(Border) street separates both the parts of the town. Important areas within Gudalur are Karunanithi Colony, MGR Colony, Kannikalipuram,Pudukulam,Gandhigraman and LFRoad.
Gudalur is nestled between Cumbum and Kumily towns and is en route to Thekkady from
Madurai (NH 220).Distance to Madurai and Dindigul are 118 km and 120 km respectively.
NSKP Higher secondary School and RMGK Higher secondary School is popular for its quality education with good labs, sports and games facilities and strong extra curricular programs. Its former Headmaster Mr.V. Thulasiraman (VT) is a doyen in the field of education. The current Headmaster Mr. P.Kathiresan [ Kabes, as he is popularly known – he was awarded ‘the best teacher’ National award in 2010 for distinguished service in the teaching profession] has been credited with the school’s distinction in academic results year after year in the 10th and 12th Board exams. B.Vishnu Bharathi was the State Topper in the Tamil language paper with 99/100 marks in 2010. She also scored a total of 491/500, the highest total ever in the school’s history. She has taken the school’s popularity even higher through academic achievements.
NSK Ponniah Gowder Higher secondary School-GUDALUR is more popular in the year 2010. The pass percentage for 2010 is 99.97%. NSKP Kamatchi Ammal Primary School, Thiruvalluvar Higher Secondary School,Rajangam Memorial Kallar Higher Secondary School, R.S.K Nursery and Primary School, Mazhalayar Matriculation School, Hindu primary school(Kokku Pallikoodam) and Poonga Pallikoodam are some of the other popular school we celebrate 50th century in the academic year (2012-2013) in N.S.K.P.Hr.Sec.School.
Gudalur has two cinema theatres, Velmurugan Talkies and STB QUBE dts
Tarun Gopi – Thimiru and Kaalai as director and now he is involved in acting. As a actor ( Mayandi kudumbathar,Pechiyakka Marumagan, Saravanakudil,Kanniyum Kaalaiyum Sema Kadhal, Soodhattam.
K.Thirukumaran – He is an upcoming director of Maan Karate Starring (Sivakarthikeyan and Hansika Motwani) and a former associate of A.R Murugadoss.
Gudalur is very beauty full place in the earth that is gifted.
Every one is united family method in the agriculture. So all men or women are join in the all function and all other good activity It is widely believed that this part of the world was a thick forest until about 250 years ago. Migrant settlers from the Mysore region of Karnataka who left due to political instability in the region during the 1760s to the 1790s started arriving in hordes and started clearing forests and tilling the land. During the British period, after the enactment of the Criminal Tribes Act, several settlements were created by the government and members belonging to the notified communities were uprooted from their original habitations and settled here. The British officers posted in the area started regularizing land holdings based on good faith and track record. The Gudalur Naattamai is credited with the creation and expansion of cardamom plantations in the neighbouring Kerala state and records to this effect were traced in the Village Office of Vandanmedu, Idukki District, Kerala recently. Life here revolves around agriculture and almost everyone has something to do with farming.
Main source of water is from Periyar Dam. Recently, the Tamil Nadu government has undertaken a project to build a memorial for Col Penny Cuick, who built the Mullai Periyar Dam at Lower Camp, near Gudalur.
The Alagarswamy Temple (It’s over 2,000 years old). The Mangaladevi Kottam, a temple dedicated to Kannagi, the tamil goddess is situated very close to Gudalur. This temple site is presently under dispute between the TN and Kerala states and access to the temple is granted by the Kerala State only once every year. The Poonjar (Poonaiyar) Rajas of Kerala are said to be the builders of this great temple. It is built with the same architecture of Madurai Alagar temple. The Mangaladevi Kottam, an ancient temple (now in ruins), which is dedicated to Kannagi, the Tamil goddess is situated very close to Gudalur. This temple site is presently under dispute between the TN and Kerala states and access to the temple is granted by the Kerala State only once every year.
Gudalur has had incidents of violence reported in the past, especially during the anti-Hindi agitations in 1965 and the few casteist clashes in the 1980s.
Agriculture department The STATE SEED FARM is Gudalur is a panchayat town in Theni district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Geography Gudalur is located at 9.31°N 77.20°E .  Ithas an average elevation of 1182 metres (3888 ft).
The town is well connected, by the N.H.220, (Kottayam – Madurai , and a Major District road with Periyakulam, Bodinakayanur, Cumbum and Kumuli.
The average maximum and minimum temperature are of 40.6°c and 30.6°c.
The town gets major rainfall during the south west monsoon period. The average annual rainfall being received in the town is 70.5cm
Nature of Soil
The major group of soils that are found in the town are black and red varieties.